( Romans 12:13 , Hebrews 13:2 .) 1 Peter 2:4-5. 1 Peter 5:4-5 Commentary. . As the end is near, cultivate self-restraint, watchful prayerfulness, charity, hospitality, scriptural speech, ministering to one another according to your several gifts to the glory of God: Rejoicing patience under suffering. 3:18 Christ suffered in the flesh, # 4:1 Some manuscripts add for us; some for you # [Eph. Looking at these scriptures in the light of I Peter 5:6-8, and understanding that Peter is writing with his thoughts on Satan in the background, our feelings are especially vulnerable because it is natural for us to feel that we are being taken advantage of or not being treated as we should be, and our emotions begin to run wild. Is it not this, that your passions 1 are y at war within you? 6. speaking evil--charging you with pride, singularity, hypocrisy, and secret crimes ( 1 Peter 4:14 , 2 Peter 2:2 ). * Peter had been a fisherman before being called to be an apostle; but Jesus called Peter, along with his brother Andrew and his partners James and John, to become “fishers of men” – Luke 5:1-11; Matthew 4:18-22. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Peter 4 and more! 1 Peter 2 English Standard Version A Living Stone and a Holy People 1 So put away all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander. It is quite evident that the sins spoken of here are not our own sins, but the sins of other persons, and that the intention is to say that as hatred brings causes of quarrel to the surface, so love puts the faults of other people down out of sight. Faith restores it; so that the believer, living to the will of God ( 1 Peter 4:2 ), rests implicitly on his Creator's faithfulness. as . Commentary on 1 Peter 4:7-11 (Read 1 Peter 4:7-11) The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. 1. for us--supported by some oldest manuscripts and versions, omitted by others. "The Spirit of glory" is His Spirit, for He is the "Lord of glory" ( James 2:1 ). We ought to cover others' sins only where love itself does not require the contrary. (Compare Note, according to the will of that the believer should suffer ( 1 Peter 4:17 ), is for his good. He, not we, must keep our souls. hath ceased--literally, "has been made to cease," has obtained by the very fact of His having suffered once for all, a cessation from sin, which had heretofore lain on Him ( Romans 6:6-11 , especially, 1 Peter 4:7 ). 1 Peter 4 is the fourth chapter of the First Epistle of Peter in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The author identifies himself as "Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ" and the epistle is traditionally attributed to Peter the Apostle, but there are charges that it is a work of Peter's followers in Rome between 70-100 CE. The Lord will come as a thief; He is "ready" ( 1 Peter 4:5 ) to judge the world at any moment; it is only God's long-suffering and His will that the Gospel should be preached as a witness to all nations, that induces Him to lengthen out the time which is with Him still as nothing. "The flesh" is the sphere in which sin has place. "The righteous" man has always more or less of trial, but the issue is certain, and the entrance into the kingdom abundant at last. Stewards of God's Grace - Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, so as to live for the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human passions but for the will of God. Through Christ alone can God be glorified in us and our sayings and doings. upon you--the same Spirit as rested on Christ ( Luke 4:18 ). The sense seems to be, Peter, as representing the true attitude of the Church in every age, expecting Christ at any moment, says, The Judge is ready to judge the quick and dead--the dead, I say, for they, too, in their lifetime, have had the Gospel preached to them, that so they might be judged at last in the same way as those living now (and those who shall be so when Christ shall come), namely, "men in the flesh," and that they might, having escaped condemnation by embracing the Gospel so preached, live unto God in the spirit (though death has passed over their flesh), Luke 20:38 , thus being made like Christ in death and in life quickened; for they are supposed to have been already "quickened together with Christ" ( Ephesians 2:5 ). Looking at these scriptures in the light of I Peter 5:6-8, and understanding that Peter is writing with his thoughts on Satan in the background, our feelings are especially vulnerable because it is natural for us to feel that we are being taken advantage of or not being treated as we should be, and our emotions begin to run wild. Another ground of consolation to Christians. 1 Peter 4:7-11 teaches the third way we are to live godly lives: Accomplish the Will of God like Christ, page 5 of 6 around the theme 1 Peter 4:1-11 Living … Lesson 21: Hard Lessons About Hard Times (1 Peter 4:12-19) Lesson 22: Prescription For A Healthy Church (1 Peter 5:1-5) Lesson 23: Growing Solid Through Suffering (1 Peter 5:6-14) Related Topics: Cultural Issues, Ecclesiology (The Church), Marriage, Spiritual Gifts, Spiritual Life, Suffering, Trials, Persecution. gospel of God--the very God who is to judge them. Verse. 10. every--"even as each man hath received," in whatever degree, and of whatever kind. Such a situation is tailor-made for Satan. The "scarcely" marks the severity of the ordeal, and the unlikelihood (in a mere human point of view) of the righteous sustaining it; but the righteousness of Christ and God's everlasting covenant make it all sure. 11. * Peter had been a fisherman before being called to be an apostle; but Jesus called Peter, along with his brother Andrew and his partners James and John, to become “fishers of men” – Luke 5:1-11; Matthew 4:18-22. Gentiles--heathen: which many of you were. "He that giveth, let him do it with simplicity," that is open-hearted sincerity; with cordiality. Every woman can truly be a woman which reflects the image of God (Genesis 1:26). In the United States, the American Dream is often proclaimed as if it were gospel: anyone who works hard and makes good choices can be happy and successful. 1 Peter 4:4 4 With respect to this they are surprised when you do not join them in the same flood of j debauchery, and k they malign you; Read more Share Copy "Live" in the truest sense, for heretofore he was dead. Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. "As God with His love covers my sins if I believe, so must I also cover the sins of my neighbor" [LUTHER]. Listen to the Bible. The rise of the new name marked a new epoch in the Church's life, a new stage of its development, namely, its missions to the Gentiles. 1 Peter 4:8-9. Coming to Jesus through His word. As the end is near, cultivate self-restraint, watchful prayerfulness, charity, hospitality, scriptural speech, ministering to one another according to your several gifts to the glory of God: Rejoicing patience under suffering. wrought--Greek, "wrought out." A String of Pearls - Spurgeon. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. dead--as well as to them now living, and to them that shall be found alive at the coming of the Judge. Steven J. Cole. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 1 Peter 4 :: English Standard Version (ESV) Strong's. 6:14; 14:7; 2 Cor. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 1 Peter 4:10-11 Stewards of God's Grace. (12-19)1-6 The … Spurgeon on 1 Peter . . If we will not bear suffering for Christ now, we must bear eternal sufferings hereafter. 1 Peter 4:12-19 - ESV: Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery trial when it comes upon you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you. ungodly--having no regard for God; negative description. when, &c.--"walking as ye have done [ALFORD] in lasciviousness"; the Greek means petulant, immodest, wantonness, unbridled conduct: not so much filthy lust. through Jesus Christ--the mediator through whom all our blessings come down to us, and also through whom all our praises ascend to God. Peter takes the lowest ground: for not even the past time ought to have been wasted in lust; but since you cannot recall it, at least lay out the future to better account. It is no valid objection that the Gospel has not been preached to all that shall be found dead at Christ's coming. 1 Peter 5:6-7 Commentary. CHAPTER 4. Instead of its "happening to you" as some strange and untoward chance, it "is taking place" with the gracious design of trying you; God has a wise design in it--a consolatory reflection. Note, the very same term as is applied in the only other passages where it occurs ( Acts 7:38 , Romans 3:2 , Hebrews 5:12 ), to the Old Testament inspired writings, is here predicated of the inspired words (the substance of which was afterwards committed to writing) of the New Testament prophets. stewards--referring to Matthew 25:15 , &c.; Luke 19:13-26 . Since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind: The commitment God calls us to have is nothing greater than the commitment Jesus had in enduring suffering for our salvation. 1 j So put away all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander. 14. for--Greek, "IN the name of Christ," namely, as Christians ( 1 Peter 4:16 , 3:14 , above); "in My name, because ye belong to Christ." CHAPTER 4. Editors Iain M. Duguid, James M. Hamilton, and Jay A. Sklar have gathered a team of experienced pastor-theologians to provide a new generation of pastors and other te… (1-3) How to respond to the eternal word of God. සිංහල ; Report Inappropriate Ad. For Peter is plainly referring only to those within reach of the Gospel, or who might have known God through His ministers in Old and New Testament times. if . sinner--loving sin; positive; the same man is at once God-forgetting and sin-loving. 4 Since therefore z Christ suffered in the flesh, 1 a arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for b whoever has suffered in the flesh c has ceased from sin, 2 d so as to live for e the rest of the time in the flesh f no longer for human passions but g for the will of God. 16. a Christian--the name given in contempt first at Antioch. Tried by Fire-1Peter by F B Meyer. He presupposes its existence among them; he urges them to make it more fervent. and of God--Greek, "and the (Spirit) of God"; implying that the Spirit of glory (which is Christ's Spirit) is at the same time also the Spirit of God. x To him belong glory and y … gospel preached also to . Thus "sober" is the opposite of "lasciviousness" ( 1 Peter 4:3 ). Good Stewards of God's Grace. (Eph 4:22; Eph 4:25; Eph 4:31; Col 3:8). for ever and ever--Greek, "unto the ages of the ages.". 18. scarcely--Compare "so as by fire," 1 Corinthians 3:15 ; having to pass through trying chastisements, as David did for his sin. 1 Peter - Chapter 4 (ESV) Font Size + -Stewards of God's Grace. They who now call you to account falsely, shall have to give account themselves for this very evil-speaking ( Jude 1:15 ), and be condemned justly. General conclusion from 1 Peter 4:17 1 Peter 4:18 . faithful--to His covenant promises. The consideration of Christ's sufferings is urged for purity and holiness. In Acts 7:38 also, the Greek article is wanting; thus English Version, "as the oracles of God," namely, the Old Testament, would be "right," and the precept be similar to Romans 12:6 , "prophesy according to the analogy of the faith." (1) Introducing a letter from Peter, to believers. 5:24; Col. 3:3, 5 whoever has suffered in the flesh # [2 Pet. Red Letter. Sermons on 1 Peter-Lowell Johnson. This is unfortunate, since his works contain priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the ancient writings of the Jews. It cannot prevent the happiness of the righteous, if they are reproached for Christ, because they retain before God their glory entire, as having the Spirit, with whom glory is inseparably joined [CALVIN]. (1Ti 3:2; Tit 1:8; Heb 13:2) 10 As each has received a gift, use it to serve one another, as good stewards of God’s varied grace: (Mt 25:15; Lu 12:42; Ro 12:6; 1Co 4:1; 1Co 4:7; Tit 1:7) 11 whoever speaks, as one who speaks oracles of God; whoever serves, as one who serves by the strength that God supplies—in order that in everything God may be glorified through Jesus Christ. 1 Peter 4:1-19.LIKE THE RISEN CHRIST, BELIEVERS HENCEFORTH OUGHT TO HAVE NO MORE TO DO WITH SIN. 15. Temperance promotes wakefulness or watchfulness, and both promote prayer. How can believers be prepared to suffer for righteousness’ sake? 1 Peter 1:3-9 English Standard Version (ESV) Born Again to a Living Hope. . speak--namely, as a prophet, or divinely taught teacher in the Church assembly. The opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated. 5:15 so as to live for # ch. . At Antioch, where first idolatrous Gentiles (Cornelius, Acts 10:1 Acts 10:2 , was not an idolater, but a proselyte) were converted, and wide missionary work began, they could be no longer looked on as a Jewish sect, and so the Gentiles designated them by the new name "Christians." * 1 Therefore, since Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same attitude (for whoever suffers in the flesh has broken with sin), 2 so as not to spend what remains of one’s life in the flesh on human desires, but on the will of God. "Reproached in the name of Christ" I say ( 1 Peter 4:14 ), "FOR let none," &c. as . To suffer for one's own faults is no honor ( 1 Peter 4:15 , 1 Peter 2:20 ),--for Christ, is no shame ( 1 Peter 4:14 , 1 Peter 3:13 ). 1 Peter 4:8, ESV: "Above all, keep loving one another earnestly, since love covers a multitude of sins." All the practical exhortations of this passage are founded upon the truth that "the end of all things is at hand." . Acts 11:26 , 26:28 ; the only three places where the term occurs. The Christian is by faith one with Christ: as then Christ by death is judicially freed from sin; so the Christian who has in the person of Christ died, has no more to do with it judicially, and ought to have no more to do with it actually. 3. may suffice--Greek, "is sufficient." one to another--Greek as in 1 Peter 4:8 , "towards yourselves"; implying that all form but one body, and in seeking the good of other members they are promoting the good of themselves. the time--Greek, "season," "fit time." ready--very speedily ( 1 Peter 4:7 , 2 Peter 3:10 ). As Peter put it in 2:11, these fleshly lusts “wage war against the soul.” 1. Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible. 4 1 Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, 2 so as to live for the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human passions but for the will of God. the same mind--of suffering with patient willingness what God wills you to suffer. 2:14] has ceased from sin, 2 # Rom. The nearness meant is not that of mere "time," but that before the Lord; as he explains to guard against misapprehension, and defends God from the charge of procrastination: We live in the last dispensation, not like the Jews under the Old Testament. 1 Simeon [] Peter, a servant [] and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained a faith of equal standing with ours by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:. 1 Peter 5:10 Commentary. let them--Greek, "let them also," "let even them," as well as those not suffering. giveth--Greek, "supplieth"; originally said of a choragus, who supplied the chorus with all necessaries for performing their several parts. that God in all things may be glorified--the final end of all a Christian's acts. Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, ~ 1 Peter 4:1 ESV One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. LIKE THE RISEN CHRIST, BELIEVERS HENCEFORTH OUGHT TO HAVE NO MORE TO DO WITH SIN. 1 Peter 4:12-13. (1-6) And the approaching end of the Jewish state, as a reason for sobriety, watchfulness, and prayer. Salem Media Group. Christ's Absence and Return. Such a situation is tailor-made for … Not the spurious hospitality which passes current in the world, but the entertaining of those needing it, especially those exiled for the faith, as the representatives of Christ, and all hospitality to whomsoever exercised from genuine Christian love. . 10 s As each has received a gift, use it to serve one another, t as good stewards of God's varied grace: 11 whoever speaks, as one who speaks u oracles of God; whoever serves, as one who serves v by the strength that God supplies - in order that in everything w God may be glorified through Jesus Christ. 1 Peter 2 A Living Stone and a Holy People. Read 1 Peter 5:1-4 from the ESV Bible online. Miscellaneous. Heaven is their real home. Drink makes drowsy, and drowsiness prevents prayer. Purpose. * Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever – Matthew 8:14,15. appear--in judgment. Quoted from Proverbs 10:12 ; compare Proverbs 17:9 . 1 Peter 1:13 - A Seasonable Exhortation. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. Judgment is already begun, the Gospel word, as a "two-edged sword," having the double effect of saving some and condemning others, and shall be consummated at the last judgment. 2 Peter 1:3-4 ESV His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence, by which he has granted to us his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world because … . Read 1 Peter 4 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Previous Passage: 1 Peter 3 (esv) Next Passage: 1 Peter 5 (esv) 1Pe 4:1 ¶ 1Pe 4:1 - Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, … Don’t be surprised, he says, at the fiery trial that you are experiencing. 1 Peter 4:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 4:8, NIV: "Above all, love each other deeply, because love covers over a multitude of sins." to whom--Christ. Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ: a. The fact that we must arm ourselves to be holy (4:1) shows that there is a fierce struggle involved. 1 Since therefore # ch. The second Greek, "as," distinguishes the class "busybody in other men's matters," from the previous class of delinquents. Moreover, the absence of the Greek article does not necessarily restrict the sense of "dead" to particular dead persons, for there is no Greek article in 1 Peter 4:5 also, where "the dead" is universal in meaning. Creator--who is therefore also our Almighty Preserver. Christ's coming is to the believer always near. 19. God and from man. as the, &c.--The Greek has no article: "as oracles of God." at us, what shall the end be of them, &c.--If even the godly have chastening judgments now, how much more shall the ungodly be doomed to damnatory judgments at last. As every man hath received the gift — Or, a gift, spiritual or temporal, ordinary or extraordinary, (although the latter seems primarily intended,) so minister the same one to another — Employ that gift for the common good; as good stewards of the manifold grace of God — Of the talents wherewith his free love has intrusted you. Designed to strengthen the global church with a widely accessible, theologically sound, and pastorally wise resource for understanding and applying the overarching storyline of the Bible, the ESV Expository Commentary Seriesfeatures the full text of the ESV Bible passage by passage, with crisp and theologically rich exposition and application. You do not have, because you do not ask. I. Love shall cover multitudes of sins—from. ALFORD'S explanation is wrong, "that they might be judged according to men as regards the flesh," that is, be in the state of the completed sentence on sin, which is death after the flesh. Peter, like Paul, argues that those found living at Christ's coming shall have no advantage above the dead who shall then be raised, inasmuch as the latter live unto, or "according to," God, even already in His purpose. 6:2, 7; Gal. he that hath suffered--for instance, Christ first, and in His person the believer: a general proposition. The Spirit's gifts (literally, "gift of grace," that is, gratuitously bestowed) are the common property of the Christian community, each Christian being but a steward for the edifying of the whole, not receiving the gift merely for his own use. Proud member Resuming the idea in 1 Peter 4:5 . . Sermons by Spurgeon - 1 Peter 1. 6:14; 14:7; 2 Cor. judgment must begin at the house of God--the Church of living believers. Sin destroyed the original spiritual relation between creature and Creator, leaving that only of government. Solomon's Temple was only a type of the true House of God, the real Temple, the church of God (I Corinthians 3:17; II Corinthians 6:16).Solomon's building was the "Temple of God" because of God's presence, and so it is today. 6:13] arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for # Rom. Literally, "a bishop in what is (not his own, but) another's" province; an allusion to the existing bishops or overseers of the Church; a self-constituted bishop in others' concerns. 3:18 Christ suffered in the flesh, # 4:1 Some manuscripts add for us; some for you # [Eph. Lies on this: 1 Peter 4:15, not in the flesh, # 4:1 some manuscripts for. -- though the world is ashamed of shame sobriety, watchfulness, and of whatever kind the approach! Is no `` of you '' in the same way of thinking, he... His mortal body of humiliation make it more fervent not Sell My Personal Information of shame besides... – John 1:40-42 with steps on how to reset your password have never of... Genesis 1:26 ) the rest of your time. `` dead -- as well as to them now,! With breaking from sins, rather than the direct result of committing sins. you were Luke.... Fever – Matthew 8:14,15 of that the believer: a general proposition of... 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